This site has page clusters dedicated to;

        the history of the Turnpike Roads

        Tollhouses that were built at turnpike gates to collect tolls from road users (see below for list tables of data),

        Milestones that informed travellers of the distance to the next town, and

        Road Users who benefited from the improved highway.

 

Also features that preceded the turnpikes, particularly

        Wayside Crosses that were beside the old highways.

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The site also hosts research-based publications by leading historians of British roads.

         A definitive study by Dr Keith Lawrence on the Turnpike Roads around Nantwich, Cheshire can be accessed by clicking this link.

         Information on related turnpike trustees and on Tollkeepers nationally is accessed by the Keith Lawrence Data page.

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Below is a list of summary tables, maps and information pages accessible on this site

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1. Tables and maps relating to turnpikes

Note these use old county boundaries

 

a)    List of Turnpike Trusts in England

b)  Tollhouse and Turnpike Data for English Counties

Historic list of Turnpike gates by county *

Maps of Turnpike Roads by county

MSS supplemented by

Bedfordshire

Bedfordshire

FG Emmison (1936);

Berkshire

Berkshire

 

Buckinghamshire

Buckinghamshire

 

Cambridgeshire/Huntingdonshire,

Cambridgeshire/Huntingdonshire

 

Cheshire

Cheshire

 

Cornwall,

Cornwall

 

Derbyshire

Derbyshire,

 

Cumberland

Cumberland

 

Devon

Devon,

 

Dorset,

Dorset

report by R Good

Durham

Durham

 

Essex

Essex

P. Taylor (2010)

Gloucestershire

Gloucestershire

map by Gloucs RO

Hampshire

Hampshire

D Viner (1969);

Hertfordshire

Hertfordshire,

 

Herefordshire

Herefordshire

H Hurley (1992)

Kent

Kent

 

Leicestershire/Rutland,

Leicestershire/Rutland

A Cossons (2003)

Lincolnshire

Lincolnshire

S Benntt (1993)

Middlesex

Middlesex

 

Norfolk

Norfolk

P. Taylor (2009

Northamptonshire,

Northamptonshire

A Cossons (1946)

Northumberland

Northumberland

 

Nottinghamshire

Nottinghamshire

A Cossons (1994)

Oxfordshire

Oxfordshire

 

Shropshire

Shropshire

 

Somerset

Somerset

JB Bentley & BJ Murless (1985)

Staffordshire

Staffordshire

report by J. Higgins (2008)

Suffolk

Suffolk

P. Taylor (2009).

Surrey

Surrey

 

Sussex

Sussex

B Austin (2005-8)

Warwickshire

Warwickshire

A Cossons (1946);

Westmoreland

Westmoreland

 

Wiltshire

Wiltshire

Victorian History of Wiltshire, (1959)

Worcestershire

Worcestershire

Scaplehorn & Swann ((2008)

Yorkshire East Riding

Yorkshire East Riding

Macmahon (1964)

Yorkshire North Riding

Yorkshire North Riding

 

*Note that there was not necessarily a tollhouse at each gate side, check and chain gates in particular may have had no residential accommodation beside them.

 

 

 

c)     Map of turnpike roads/tollhouse sites around towns

Bristol and Bath, Exeter, Ilchester, Plymouth, Sherborne, Sidmouth, Taunton, Teignmouth.

 

d)    List of surviving toll houses in England; to see these displayed on Google Earth go to the Milestone Society database http://www.msocrepository.co.uk/ and download the most recent copy of the map files (updated every few months).

 

e)   Material relating to specific turnpike trusts

Cornwall Roads

Devon Roads

Somerset Roads

Dorset Roads

Bodmin

Bodmin and Roche

Callington

Haleworthy, Camelford, Wadebridge and St Columb

Creed and St Just

Hayle Bridge Causeway

Helston

Launceston

Liskeard

Penryn and Redruth

Penzance to St Just

Saltash

St Austell and Lostwithiel

Trebarwith Sands Road

Truro

 

Ashburton

Barnstaple

Bideford

Braunton

Combe Martin

Combe Martin and Ilfracombe

Countess Wear Bridge

Cullompton

Dartmoor and Roborough

Dartmouth, Torquay and Shaldon

Devon and Dorset (Axminster)

Exeter

Exmouth

Great Torrington

Honiton

Honiton and Ilminster

Honiton and Sidmouth

Kingsbridge and Dartmouth

Lyme Regis (Charmouth to Whimple)

Lyme Regis (Crewkerne Branch)

Modbury

Moretonhampstead

Newton Bushell

Okehampton

Plymouth and Tavistock (New Road)

Plymouth, Eastern

Sidmouth to Cullompton

South Molton

Stonehouse

Tavistock

Tedburn St Mary to Chudleigh

Teignmouth and Dawlish

Tiverton

Totnes and Bridgetown-Pomeroy

 

Trusts based in other counties

Launceston

Saltash

Wiveliscombe

 

Bath

Black Dog (Bath and Warminster)

Bridgwater

Bruton

Chard

Crewkerne

Frome

High Ham and Ashcott

Ilchester

Ilminster

Langport, Somerton and Castle Cary

Martock and South Petherton

Minehead Roads

Radstock

Shepton Mallet

Taunton

Wedmore

Wells

Wells and Highbridge

West Harptry

Weston-super-Mare and Worle

Wincanton

Wiveliscombe

Yeovil

 

Trusts from Other Counties

Bristol

Sherborne

Vale of Blackmoor

Trowbridge

Honiton

Honiton and Ilminster

 

Lyme Regis (Crewkerne Div)

Sherborne

Vale of Blackmoor

 

 

2. An Index of Pages on this web site

click on the coloured links below to go directly to a page

a)     Turnpike Roads - general

Turnpikes; overview of county differences

Details of the turnpikes road in counties of; Berkshire; Cornwall, Devon; Dorset; Somerset.

b)    Turnpike Roads - Local Studies

         The text of a booklet on the Turnpikes around Oxford

         The text of a booklet on the Turnpikes around Banbury

         A study of Turnpike roads around Reading, Berkshire and notes on Roman Roads near Reading

         A study of the Turnpike roads around Nantwich, Cheshire by Keith Lawrence.

 

         Some Oxfordshire Turnpike Trustees

         Some Cheshire Turnpike Trustees

 

c)     Tollhouses general notes

Tollhouse Design a review of the styles

 

d)    Milestones an overview

Non-Turnpike Milemarkers - a discussion of those markers that were erected before and after the turnpike era

 

e)    Early Way Markers an overview

Ancient Stone Crosses in Devon - a detailed assessment of the stone crosses that survive in Devon, including Dartmoor

        List of Ancient Stone Crosses surviving in Cornwall and Devon and elsewhere

        A distribution map of Wayside Crosses in Devon

 

f)      Road Users. - the traffic on the turnpikes

London Carriers and Inns historic records

 

tollhouse AlanPhotographs are stored on Flickr, not on this website. Go to the Tollhouses page and follow the click-links.

Pictures of wayside crosses, milestones and road structure are sets off the main photostream; http://www.flickr.com/photos/tollhouses/

 

Talks on Turnpikes etc (to be updated)

 

If you have any questions or more information about particular turnpikes or tollhouses,

please contact me at rosevear1@aol.com.

 

This page created Jan 11th 2008 by Alan Rosevear (Tollhouse Alan)

Last revised 16th Dec 2014

 

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